Returning to work after being victim of gender violence
It is essential that women who have suffered from domestic violence return to work. In many cases, women require assistance in moving on.
Gender violence is one of the greatest concernsin our society and we must fight against it. However, there is something we usually don't pay attention to: women who have been victims of threats and continued domestic violence feel insecure after breaking off the relationship with their aggressor. Despite feeling a logical fear, women have to begin a new life.
Women who are victims of gender violence live in a vulnerability situation. They tend to be low income and have children. That’s why it is important that they have a chance in the future in the labour market.
The Law on Comprehensive Protection Measures Against Gender-Based Violence highlights the special needs of abused women and establishes economic assistance in finding job opportunities. Institutions, businesses, and social organizations promote projects which allow them to look for a job.
In addition to helping them attain financial independence, victims are moved away from the atmosphere of abuse and establish other social links. Feeling appreciated, respected, and earning money is key to recovering self confidence.
The State Institute of Women has for years promoted the initiative “Businesses for a society free of gender violence”. The plan establishes different agreements with businesses to reintegrate women who have suffered gender violence into the labour market. Today, almost 90 companies have joined the project.
The Red Cross and the Integra Foundation act as matchmakers in the program. They analyse every case and prepare women for integration into the labour market.
There are also private initiatives like “De Mujer a Mujer” by Santander Bank. 15 professionals from the business presided over by Ana Botín advise women and accompany them. This is the second edition of the project and already more than half of participants have found work.
Types of gender violence
According to experts, there are seven types of violence:
1. Physical. Causing injuries, trauma... and even death.
2. Psychological. Threats, humiliation, contempt...
3. Sexual: rape, harassment and forced prostitution.
4. Economical. Taking away of resources from women and children.
5. Heritage: Destroying of material goods in order to psychologically harm her.
6. Social: Taking control of the partner and isolating her.
7. Liability. Threatening children in order to harm the wife.
Social institutions and organizations also warn of the increase in gender violence among adolescents, while bringing up the fact that violence is not only suffered by those in the victim’s circle, but by all of society.