The Internet of Things (IoT) and natural disasters
Hurricanes, earthquakes and tsunamis that destroy everything. Natural disasters have devastating consequences for the cities that suffer them. Furthermore, the lack of technical resources and physical obstacles make the work of the emergency services difficult.
However, today devices on the Internet of Things (IoT) are being seen as a solution to reduce the impact of these disasters. These are objects made up of smart sensors, which are connected to one another via the Internet. In this way, they transmit information in real time and carry out a more precise gathering of data.
These sensors are located on the ground or in facilities such as dams and power poles. They measure temperature, ground level, water quality and smoke. Some, like those that are used for earthquakes, also give a warning a little ahead of time of when an earthquake is going to happen.
Thus the Internet of Things gives us an essential resource to face natural disasters: time. The analysis of the evolution of a disaster allows governments and emergency teams to respond more quickly to the population and to implement rescue strategies that reach everyone.